Turkey is famous for its massive scale, magificent, overwhelming mosques.
Buildings may be some of the most impressive works of art we have. After sinking untold sums of money into their construction, we can walk through the finished products and even live inside them. We have selected 30 brilliant architectural masterpieces that push the boundaries of structural expression. We think you’ll love them.
The oldest building we know of is Göbekli Tepe in present-day Turkey. Built somewhere around 9500 B.C., archaeologists aren’t certain of its function, but it was probably religious.
Teomancimit / Wikimedia Commons Since then, humans have built some pretty rad structures. In the past year, we’ve seen futuristic openings like the Fulton Center in New York …
Spencer Platt / Getty … and the Penleigh and Essendon Grammar School in Melbourne, Australia.
World Architecture Festival
The Las Lajas Sanctuary in Narino, Colombia, is equally mystifying. It looks like it defies gravity.
Diego Delso/Flickr “La Sagrada Familia,” an ongoing construction project since 1882.
David Ramos/Getty Images The modernist architect Antoni Gaudí didn’t live to see his Sagrada Família completed — in fact, it’s still being built. The exterior looks like something out of Narnia …
Shutterstock … and the interior is even more surreal.
Shutterstock The Flatiron Building in New York was one of the first skyscrapers …
Mario Tama / Getty
… as was the moody Woolworth Building, which was the tallest building in the world from 1913 to 1930.
Ludovic Bertron / Flickr In Onomichi, Japan, couples frequently turn to the Ribbon Chapel for their wedding ceremonies — and understandably so.
World Architecture Festival Also surrounded by green is the Light of Life Church in Seoul, South Korea.
World Architecture Festival On the inside, the church looks completely different.
World Architecture Festival Chicago’s Marina City apartments are, to say the least, uniquely designed. Built in 1964, they were one of the first mixed-use buildings and the first to be built with a crane in the US.
cdelmoral / flickr
But not all buildings need to scrape the sky. The Temppeliaukio Church in Helsinki is built into a rock underground and still gets lots of sunlight.
Jorge Láscar / Flickr The Church of St. George in Lalibela, Ethiopia, was carved out of a single stone in the 12th century.
Shutterstock Some of the most beautiful buildings integrate into their landscape. The Turninn building in Reykjavík reflects the wild beauty of Iceland.
Courtesy of Architizer The modernist master Mies van der Rohe used minimal lines and open space to create buildings that seemingly float in the air around them, like the Neue Nationalgalerie in Berlin, built in the 1960s.
seier+seier / flickr Berlin is also home to the Mecca of electronic music: the brutalist masterstroke Berghain.
Michael Mayer / flickr
Integrating into the environment is one of the oldest ideals of architecture. The old Japanese capital Kyoto features the breathtaking Golden Pavilion …
Freedom II Andres / Flickr … and the more subtly stunning Silver Pavilion.
Reginald Pentinio / flickr The Great Mosque of Djenné in Mali is the largest mud-built structure in the world — it can hold 3,000 worshippers.
37degrees/flickr The whimsical Pompidou Center in Paris is a postmodern masterwork: It gleefully displays the guts of the building.
Shutterstock Built around 1200, the Chartes Cathedral in northern France is a primary example of Gothic architecture. Notice the ornate “portals” that you enter into the building through …
… and the stunning organ inside.
Shutterstock Perhaps the only house of worship that can match its grandeur is the Blue Mosque in Istanbul, built in the early 1600s at the height of the Ottoman Empire.
Shutterstock Its interior features more than 20,000 handmade tiles.
Shutterstock The Golden Temple in Amritsar, India, is a stunning structure that seems to have been dropped right in the middle of the Amritsar River.
Arian Zwegers/Flickr The Golden Temple in Amritsar, India, is the center of the Sikh Faith, and it’s lustrous at night.
Munish Sharma / Reuters
Neuschwanstein Castle in the German state of Bavaria reportedly inspired Walt Disney to create Sleeping Beauty’s castle. It’s easy to see why.
Sean Gallup / Getty Trinity College in Dublin is a gem of a university.
Chris Jackson / Getty It has the prototypical library, the most stunning section of which is called, fittingly enough, the Long Room.
Tony Webster / Flickr The Imperial Palace — aka the Forbidden City — is the ultimate form of high Chinese architecture.
Lintao Zhang / Getty It was the seat of government from 1420 to 1912.
See-ming Lee / Flickr
The interior remains epic …
Feng Li / Getty … as do the details.
Drolexandre / Wikimedia commons Today, some of the most experimental modern architecture in the world is being built in Beijing, like the CCTV Tower, locally known as “The Trousers.”
Getty With Hong Kong Polytechnic University, the late Zaha Hadid did what she could only ever do — turn the hard, clean lines of modernism into something organic.
Forgemind ArchiMedia/Flickr Perched high in the Peruvian Andes, Machu Picchu is the best example we have of Incan architecture.
Archaeologists say it was built around 1450.
Wikimedia Commons Here’s a closer look at the residential section.
Christophe Meneboeuf / Wikimedia Commons Opened in 2007, the Parque Biblioteca España in Medellín, Colombia, was designed by the Colombian architect Giancarlo Mazzanti. The three buildings are meant to look like stones …
Dr EG / Flickr From inside the library, in the Santo Domingo Savio neighborhood, the view is of Medellín itself, in a valley surrounded by the Andes.
Kevin Loria / Tech Insider Sydney’s Opera House is the rightful ambassador of Australian architecture.
Daniel Munoz / Reuters
Designed by Danish architect Jørn Utzon and opened in 1973, it has become a literal canvas of public expression …
Tim Wimborne / Reuters … and the interior is stunning, too.
Jason7825 / Wikimedia Commons